25 Oct 2011

Langkawi Exctreme Challenge 2011: Events Update.

dear all,

abah baru terima fax event dari organizer.. berikut adalah event bakal berlangsung:
28/10 : registration
            8:30 - 10:30 : Taklimat urusetia.
29/10:   aktiviti laut: 3 orang peserta:- 25 kumpulan: rakit : penyediaan rakit buluh / ikatan. seorang peserta akan berenang sejauh 20 meter pergi bagi pastikan rakit bergerak ke tengah laut dan kemudian beranang patah balik menuju taman lagenda.


30/10: Cave Explorations ( Gua Landak), team work event: cave exploration menggunakan tali, grafitti dan bergerak ke pantai beringin/Aktiviti Lasak.. flying fox dan pelbagai lagi...


31/10: Gunung raya: pendakian ke puncak race against time ....  malam : penutup.


1/ 11: Check out...

taklimat am .. abah akan berikan hari khamis jam 4:00 p.m di HEP. so datang ya..
ikhlas.


                                                                                        

18 Oct 2011

Sekadar luahan: Berdosakah anak ini?

 Dan ketika abah sedang asyik membelek helaian akhbar hari ini.. mata ini tertumpu kepada berita tentang seorang pelajar berusia 16 tahun yang melahirkan anak luar nikah  telah membunuh anak tersebut dengan cara yang kejam.. perutnya ditoreh hingga terburai dan sisi dada di tikam...istighfar panjang abah.. sepanjang minggu ini boleh dikatakan berita panas sajalah.. berkaitan pembuangan anak... apa dah jadik?? runtuhnya nilai moral anak muda kita... masalah sosial.. maka, berduyunlah anggota masyarakat mengeluarkan pendapat semuanya betol belaka.. salah mak bapak tak didik anak.. salah cikgu tak pantau anak kami kat sekolah..salah sistem pembelajaran.. salah kerajaan .. slah ulamak .. salah tu salah niii.. macam2 salah.. maka banyak juga langkah penyelesaian .. dibentangkan.. kat kantin, kat cafetaria, kat kedai kopi, kat kelas, dalam kuliah, nama ja tempat... merata ahli2 pemikir ni mengeluarkan pendapat..... pada abah satu ja... semua ni memang masyarakat prihatin.. betol..

Teringat abah ketika sesi audit siang tadi .. abah berceloteh sikit ngan rakan2 auditor tentang pengalaman abah selama hampir 10 tahun ni.. abah kata dari banyak2 kes yang abah handle hanya 2 kes tak dapat selamatkan dua orang dari menjalankan pengguguran... sapa pun tak dapat detect diaorang pregnant why?? sebab perut sekepoi.. bahasa pasar.. perut tak buncit besar ( hehehe.. malu jaaa kaan nak sebut).. so kawan2 pun tak tahu.. diorang buat keputusan sendiri... pergi gugur.. abah tahu pun last minute... tak boleh buat apa.. hanya abah dapat berhubung dengan parent.. apalagi mengucap panjang.. diaorang... bergegas ke sini... yang dapat hanya anak diaorang ..cucunya??  ha pikirlah sendiri...nasi dah jadik bubur.. setel semuanya maka, dapatlah abah bertemu dan berbual ngan diaorang.. napa jadik macamni?maka.. keluarlah cerita..yang bestnya.. bila ditanya kenapa buat kerja salah ni...barulah cerita .. teman lelaki suruh, malu nak bagi tahu mak ayah, malu kat kawan2, abah tanya kat tuhan ? senyap... dalam banyak2 kes yang dihandle .. kawin ramai jugak.. ( tu pun kene paksa ngan keluarga agaknya) baguslah.. kesian baby dia tak tahuapa pun.. yang salah mak bapaknya...so???


Metro Ahad: 5/12/2010

Something abah nak tinggalkan buat anak2.... bayangkan bila surat beranak yang dikeluarkan .. atas tu tulis ... butir2 bapa: TIADA... macamana? kalau anda sebagai cikgu la katakan.. terima surat beranak tertulis perkataan tu.. butir2 bapa: TIADA... mesti sedihkan.. jangan pandang pada raut wajahnya anak itu pandang sedalam2nya ke dalam anak mata .... mungkin anda mengerti cabaran yang bakal dilalui oleh anak kecil dalam kelas anda itu.....sedihnya...

Ikhlas... abah..

17 Oct 2011

Annual dinner 2011: Malam Sekalung Budi JPP 2011

All

Malam Sekalung Budi
Majlis makan malam yang dianjurkan oleh Jawatankuasa Perwakilan Pelajar dan kelab gabungannya..

Tema pakaian:
Merah, Hitam Putih.
Tarikh :
21 Oktober 2011***** ( akan dimaklumkan kemudian)
Tempat;
Dewan Seri Mutiara
Agenda :
Majlis makan malam.
Penyerahan Watikah dan Sijil
Hiburan band pilihan
Cabutan bertuah

All so........ all get u'r entry pass by contacting your chairman...
 ( opps!! only for JPP dan kelab gabungannya sahaja yaa).. kalau nak join just pay RM10.00  




16 Oct 2011

Basic Photoshop Workshop serie 2: Open for Students..

Assalam dear all,


Just want to inform you guys that student council, once again will organize the  basic photoshop course as per below informations:

Venue: PSP campus ( to be announce later)
date: 22 - 23 October 2011 ( saturday and sunday)
Entry Fees : RM 20

Limited seats only... so better still you guys call this guys:

Syafiq : 017 4147091 Ashraf 0134194230 Bob 0103778805 
So hurry up... please dont ask about the closing date... ok.. as we just entertain the early birds ONLY.

11 Oct 2011

PLKN : Kami Anak 1 Malaysia : UPDATE

 Assalamualaikum semua,  berikut adalah maklumat  Perhimpunan Anak 1 Malaysia  di Stadium  Hoki Nasional Bukit Jalil. 14 - 15 Oktober 2011.


Tarikh / Masa          Aktiviti 
14 Okt 
3:00 p.m               ketibaan bekas pelatih PLKN di stadium Hoki Nasional bukit Jalil 
4:00 p.m               ketibaan YB Timbalan Menteri Pertahanan
                            Perasmian karnival Anak 1 Malaysia
                            lawatan mini PLKN, pameran Kerjaya dan pendidikan
6:00 p.m              Rehat / Santaian
7:30 p.m              Perhimpunan di Stadium Bukit jalil
                            Ketibaan VVIP
                            Nyannyian Negara Ku / Khidmat   egara/ Bacaan Doa            
                            Ucapan Perasmian
                           Persembahan / Kebudayaan dsbg...
11:00                   Bersurai                                        


15 Okt
9:00 a.m           karnival anak 1 Malaysia
-                       Pertandingan Futsal / Paintball dan sebagainya..
6:00                 Bersurai / bertolak pulang ke negeri masing2


Maklumat pergerakan:
Pelajar - pelajar PSP : 47 orang  akan bergerak dari PSP jam 4:45 P.M berkumpul di Astaka ( Grand Stand berhadapan Padang ) bas akan bertolak jam 5:00 p.m, anda akan bermalam di Kem Bukit Besar  ( ada majlis disana) dan akan bertolak secara konvoi ke Bukit Jalil padda jam 6:00 a.m esoknya.


Pelepasan kuliah dan kelas:
Pelepasan Kuliah dan kelas akan diberikan bermula jam 2:00 p.m pada 13 dan 14 Oktober Sahaja. sehubungan itu, sekiranya ada yang membatalkan penyertaan .. maka, surat pelepasan kuliah juga akan terbatal dengan sendirinya. ( bancian kehadiran akan dibuat oleh pegawai bertugas pada hari khamis dan Jumaat)


Pegawai pengiring dan pengangkutan
pegwaia pengiring adalah dari kakitangan PLKN sendiri, mereka juga akan memberikan bantuan perubatan jika perlu, sehubungan itu jika anda memerlukan sebarang bantau sila berhubung dengan pegawai berkenaan. Pihak PSP hanya menyediakan penyertaan. Pengangkutan adalah disediakan oleh PLKN.


Pakaian : pakaian adalah kemas bersopan sesuai dengan imej pelajar institusi tinggi.
lain2: sila pastikan anda TIDAK membawa barangan berharga kerana kehilangan adalah tanggungjawab anda sendiri..


Akhir kata.... have fun you all....... loreng biru.. ayuh mara.... heheh ikhlas abah

8 Oct 2011

Logistics and Supply Chain :Warehouse management systems (WMS)

Understanding warehouse management sytesm:  as adapated from http://logistic.about.com/

Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) have been available since the earliest computer systems and were allowed simple storage location functionality. Today WMS systems can be standalone or part of an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and can include complex technology such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and voice recognition. However the basic principle of the warehouse system has remained the same, which is to provide information to allow efficient control of the movement of materials within the warehouse.
When selecting a WMS there are many vendors to choose from. If you currently operate an ERP system then the WMS functionality may be part of that suite, or you can use a bolt-on WMS package. For companies that use best of breed solutions, the choice of WMS will reflect the requirements of your warehouse operations.
The implementation of a WMS is often complex. Project planning is critical to the success of any WMS implementation. The project requires warehouse resources to collect data on the physical warehouse, materials, inventory as well as defining the strategies required to operate the warehouse. There is the added challenge of implementing the system whilst still operating the warehouse. A major factor of all projects is still ship product whilst the WMS is being implemented.
The complexity of a WMS implementation varies with every business. The physical dimensions and characteristics of each item in the warehouse are required to be collected and entered into the new system. Capacity calculations require the physical size and weight of the item as well as the dimensions of all the storage bins or racks in the warehouse. The storage options for each item are required, for example if the item can be stored separately, in box, pallet or if it can be stacked. Each item must be reviewed to see if it is physical limitations on its storage, such as requiring refrigeration. Hazardous material information needs to be collected so that the item is not stored in certain areas. This information is only part of the requirements of the WMS implementation. The system requires decisions or configuration to be made on how items are to be placed or removed from the system, in what order, for what types of materials and what methods of placement and removal should be used. The implementation requires significant input from the resources that operate the warehouse on a day to day basis and this can be a strain on warehouse operations. A successful project will recognize this fact and ensure that the key personnel required for the implementation are given adequate back up so that warehouse operations do not suffer.
After the successful launch of the WMS system, many businesses will find that the resources required to operate the system is greater than prior to the implementation. This is primarily due to the data intensive nature of the software and the fact that warehouses are in a state of flux; racks are moved, placement and removal strategies changed, new items added, new processes developed. Warehouse accuracy is paramount for the software to operate and to do this data will need to be entered accurately and in a timely fashion. Although most WMS implementations will reduce labor costs in the placement and removal of materials, there is often an added warehouse management function required just to operate the software.
Despite the complexity, WMS implementations do offer businesses significant benefits. Not only will placement and removal cycle times be reduced, but inventory accuracy should be improved as well as increased storage capacity, more organized storage of materials and greater flexibility of warehouse operations.

Retailing: Tesco News Uk: The Telegraph.co.uk

Tesco profits rise as overseas growth offsets sluggish UK

Tesco, the third largest retailer in the world, reported a jump in first-half profits as overseas growth offset one of the biggest drops in quarterly underlying sales in its main British market for at least two decades.
Telegraph staff and agencies
Pre-tax profits increased 12pc to £1.88bn in the six months to August 27.
Tesco
Philip Clarke, the chief executive of Tesco, said in the results statement: "I am pleased that excellent growth in Europe and Asia, as well as an encouraging performance in the United States ... despite the challenges of subdued demand in the UK, particularly in non-food categories."
Like-for-like sales at British stores - those open for more that a year - fell 0.7pc year-on-year in the second quarter, excluding fuel and adjusted for VAT, following a 0.4pc drop in the first.
Tesco said it had been hit by subdued UK demand for electronics and entertainment products.
Tough austerity measures to deal with Britian massive deficit, coupled with a faltering recovery weakened by the escalating eurozone debt crises, has squeezed disposable incomes and knocked consumer spending.

Logistic and Trade in Malysia: free zones procedures

Royal Customs And Excise Department Malaysia


FREE ZONE PROCEDURE

The Free Trade Zone Act 1971 has been found to be inadequate and incapable of supporting the need of economic development. As such The Free Zones Act 1990 was introduced as a new approach for the esta-blishment of Free Zones in the country for the purpose of trade and manufacturing industries. The Free Zones Act 1990 and the Free Zones Regulations 1991 came into force on the 5th September 1991. Essential change introduced in the new Act is the commercial activity. As it is defined in the new Act to include trading (except retail trading), breaking bulk, grading, repacking, relabelling and transit, it offers tremendous opportunity for Malaysia to play an active role in the entrepot trade.


The traditional role of ports and airports should change to meet the challenge of economic expansion and the new Act is capable of supporting any move to make our ports or airports a duty free zone. Such ports and airports are focal points to our businessmen and manufacturers in their bid to enter foreign markets. It is hoped that when the ports and airports respond positively to the new Act, industries situated within such area would benefit. The new Act signifies commercial expansion at the border areas and the ports and airports.


CONCEPT AND OBJECTIVES

A Free Zone is an area declared by the Minister of Finance under the provision of Section 3(1) of the Free Zones Act 1990. It is mainly designed to promote entrepot trade and for the use of manufacturing industries producing goods essentially for export. The Free Zones comprise of a free commercial zone for commercial activity which includes trading (except retail trading), breaking bulk, grading, repacking, relabelling and transit, and a free in-dustrial zone for manufacturing activity.
The activities and industries therein are subject to minimal customs formalities and for this reason in law, it is deemed a place outside the Principal Customs Area except in respect of prohibition of imports and exports under Section 31 of the Customs Act 1967.

Goods and services of any description (subject to the Free Zones Act 1990) except those specifically and absolutely prohibited by law, may be brought into, produced, manufactured or provided in a free zone without payment of any customs duty, excise duty, sales tax or service tax. The Minister of Finance may, by order published in the Gazette, exclude any goods or services from entering the Free Zone. For goods and services excluded, they are subject to customs duty, excise duty, sales tax and service tax as if the Free Zone is in the Principal Customs Area.

ESTABLISHMENT OF FREE ZONES


The Minister of Finance is vested with the power under Section 3(1) of the Free Zones Act 1990 to declare by notification in the Gazette any area in Malaysia to be a free commercial zone or a free industrial zone and every such notification shall define the limits of such zone. The choice of sites and types of manufacture is generally determined by the Ministry and Agencies dealing with industrial development, namely the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Ministry of Finance, Malaysian Industrial Development Authority.

ELIGIBILITY FOR LOCATION IN FREE ZONE


Companies which can be considered for location in the Free Zone, are those whose entire products are wholly for export. In exceptional circumstances the Ministry of International Trade and Industry may allow companies exporting not less than 80% for location in the Free Zone.


APPOINTMENT OF FREE ZONE AUTHORITY


The Minister may appoint the following body as the Zone Authority to administer, maintain and operate any free zone which has been declared under Section 3(1) of the Free Zones Act 1990.


1. Any statutory body established or constituted by or under a federal law; or


2. Any department of the Government of Malaysia; or


3. With the consent of the State concerned, any statutory body established or constituted by or under a State law; or


4. Any department of the Government of a State; or


5. Any company.

RESPONSIBILITY OF THE ZONE AUTHORITY


The Zone Authority is charged, interalia, with the following responsibilities:-


1. To erect and maintain two parallel perimeter fences or walls along the boundary of a free zone with entry and exit points.


2. To illuminate the perimeter fences or walls, the exit and entry points and the area along the perimeter of the free zone from 6.30 p.m to 7.30 a.m the following day.


3. To provide customs office and examination stations at the gate.


4. To ensure the operators comply with the Free Zones Act and its regulations.


5. To submit the annual report dealing with it’s activities and policies to the Minister of Finance.


6. To control the movement of persons and goods entering or leaving the Free Zone.


7. To safeguard customs duties and dutiable goods stored within the Free Zone.


8. Compliance with any other directions of the Director General of Customs.

APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL TO OPERATE WITHIN FREE ZONE


1. Any person wishing to carry out any activity within a free zone shall apply to the Authority using a form FZ No. 4.


2. The approval granted shall be in form FZ No. 6.


3. The approval is subject to such terms and conditions imposed by the Zone Authority.


4. A copy of the approval is to be extended to the Director General of Customs.


PERMISSION TO ERECT BUILDINGS


1. An application to erect any building, hold any tenancy or lease of property in the Free Zone must be made on form FZ No. 5.


2. The Authority will grant the approval on form FZ No. 6 and a copy of the approval shall be extended to the Director General of Customs.


3. No alteration or addition shall be made to the building or structure without the written permission of the Zone Authority.

RESPONSIBILITY OF OPERATOR IN A FREE ZONE


1. For the purpose of protecting revenue and for the proper functioning of a Free Zone, the Zone Autho-rity may require an operator to maintain full and proper records of all activities carried out by the operator in the free zone. The record shall contain details of :-


i) all goods received at the place of premises where the activities are carried out;


ii) all goods taken into any part of a Principal Customs Area from a free zone;


iii) all goods released for consumption, sale or manufacture within the free zone, or for export;


iv) waste stocks and its manner of disposal;


v) losses through spillage, evaporation and other causes; and


vi) the balance of all goods stocked at the place or premises where the activities are carried out.


2. The record can only be destroyed with the approval of the Zone Authority after consulting the Customs.


3. An operator has to submit the monthly return to the Zone Authority before the 10th of each month giving details as to matters specified in paragraphs 1(i) to 1(vi) for the month immediately preceding.


4. No operator shall destroy any goods without the approval of the Authority.

GOODS PERMITTED INTO A FREE COMMERCIAL ZONE


1. Goods of any description may be brought into a Free Commercial Zone for retail trade or otherwise without payment of customs duty, excise duty or sales tax.


2. The Minister may, by order, prohibit any goods or class of goods from being taken into a Free Commercial Zone.

GOODS PERMITTED INTO A FREE INDUSTRIAL ZONE


1. The following types of goods may be brought into the Free Industrial Zone without payment of customs duty, excise duty or sales tax:-


i) Goods of any description which would be used directly for the manufacture of other goods; or


ii) Goods manufactured in any part of the Principal Customs Area which are meant for export.

GOODS MANUFACTURED IN A FREE INDUSTRIAL ZONE


1. Goods manufactured within a Free Industrial Zone shall not be taken out of such zone except:-


i) For export; or


ii) With the approval of the Authority afte consultation with the Director General of Customs to be taken into a Free Commercial Zone.


2. Goods manufactured in a Free Industrial Zone shall not be used or consumed in such zone without the written permission of a proper officer of customs not below the rank of Assistant Director of Customs and Excise.

GOODS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR DUTY/TAX EXEMPTION


i) Forklifts.


ii) Materials for machinery and factory cleaning purposes


iii) Office equipments /furniture. Wearing apparel for factory workers.


iv) Fire fighting and pollution control equipment


v) Construction/building equipments


vi) Petroleum / petroleum products


vii) Tyre.


viii) Explosives and chemicals


ix) Air conditioning equipments


x) Manufacturing aids


xi) All goods and services which is not used directly in manufacturing activity approved under the First Schedule and Second Schedule of the Free Zone Act 1990.


HANDLING OF GOODS




No.                   Types of Movement                                      Prescribed Form Remarks

1.     Goods entering Free Zones from outside Malaysia      FZ. 1 Import manifest Import licence


2.     Goods leaving Free Zones                                         FZ. 2 Outward manifest KPWX Export licence

3.    Goods on transhipment at Free Zones                         F Z. 3
4.    Goods entering Principal Customs Area from Free Zones Customs No.1 Treated as import

Customs duty and sales tax payable



5. Goods entering Free Zones from Principal Customs Area Customs No.2 Treated as export



6. Import of goods into Principal Customs Area through Free Zone witout intending to deposit such goods in the Free Zone Customs No.1 Treated as import



7. Export of goods into Principal Customs Area through Free Zone witout intending to deposit such goods in the Free Zone Customs No.2 Treated as export


8. Goods exported from Free Zones through Principal Customs Area Customs No.8 Transported in approved vehicles Bank guarantee Export licence KPWX


9. Removal of goods from licensed warehouse, licensed manufacturing warehouse or licensed inland clearance depot to a Free Zone through Principal Customs Area and vice versa. Customs No.8 Movement in transit Transported in approved vehicles Bank guarantee



10. Movement of goods from a Free Zone to another Free Zone through the Principal Customs Area


Customs No.8 Movement in transit Transported in approved vehicles Bank guarantee


11. Goods originating from abroad taken to to the Free Zone through Principal Customs Area Customs no.8
Movement in transit Transported in approved vehicles Bank guarantee


FARMING OUT/SUBCONTRACT WORK


Farming out or subcontract is the sending of semi-finished goods and raw materials from one factory to another factory for further processing. After the permitted period the manufactured goods together with the waste must be returned to the sender.

FARMING OUT/SUBCONTRACT APPROVAL


Movement of semi- finished goods and Approving Authority raw materials Authority raw materials


i) from Free Industrial Zone to another State Director of Customs Free Industrial Zone


ii) from Free Industrial Zone to Licensed State Director of Customs Manufacturing Warehouse


iii) from Free Industrial Zone to a factory State Director of Customs in the Principal Customs Area


CONDITIONS IMPOSED FOR FARMING OUT/SUBCONTRACT


i) Submit bankers guarantee.


ii) Submit monthly return.

DISPOSAL AND DESTRUCTION OF MANUFACTURING WASTE AND SCRAP


Waste resulting in the manufacturing process in the Free Zone can be destroyed in the said zone without prior approval from the customs but a written approval from the Zone Authority is required. However, to avoid pollution, such destruction should not take place within the said zone but has to be taken out into an incinerator in the Principal Customs Area. Under such circumstances the manufacturers have to liaise with the Zone Authority to get written approval from the customs. Supervision by a Senior Officer of Customs for the destruction of goods is at the rate of $10.00 an hour subject to a minimum of $50.00 a day.


If the waste or scrap is to be sold in the Principal Customs Area, customs duty and sales tax, if any, must be paid. Tariff classification for duty purposes will be based on the identity of waste or scrap itself. Its dutiable value will be determined on the basis of the definition of 'value' under the Customs Act 1967.

CONCLUSION


All facilities and incentives provided by the Government under the Free Zones Act 1990 obviously show the active and positive roles enacted by the government to encourage export oriented industries.


Further enquiries relating to Free Zones Act may be directed to the nearest customs office or to:


Royal Customs and Excise Headquarters,
Public Relations Unit,
Floor 4B, Block 11,
Government Offices Complex,
Jalan Duta,
50596 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 - 62016088
6201 2563
Fax: 03 - 6201 2548

Singapore Malaysia to discuss transportation Issues : Malaysiandigest

SINGAPORE, 3 OCTOBER, 2011: Singapore and Malaysia are set to discuss issues of transportation and other topics of interest between the two countries during the visit of the Republic's Transport Minister Lui Tuck Yew tomorrow.

The visit is intended to further build relations between both nations, said a statement from the Ministry of Transport.

Lui, who is also Second Minister for Foreign Affairs will meet his counterpart, Datuk Seri Kong Cho Ha (Transport Minister) and Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop, Minister in The Prime Minister’s Department (Economic Planning Unit).

He will also meet Minister of Information Communications and Culture, Datuk Seri Dr Rais Yatim and Land Public Transport Commission chairman Tan Sri Syed Hamid Albar to discuss transport issues and other topics of interest.

The statement said Singapore and Malaysia have cooperated well on the transport front.

For instance, both countries have expanded their air links and are working on a Rapid Transit System (RTS) Link between Singapore and Johor Baharu to improve connectivity between both countries.

Lui will be accompanied by officials from the Ministry of Transport.


- Bernama

Logistic : 5 key issues for logistic effectiveness

Logistics--Five Key Issues for Logistics Effectiveness.
World Wide Shipping

By THOMAS CRAIG
President LTD Management
www.ltdmgmt.com


Logistics is a process which interfaces and interacts with the entire company and with external companies, vendors, customers, carriers and more. Logistics is responsible for the movement of products from your vendors right through to the delivery at your customer's door, including moves through manufacturing facilities, warehouses, third-parties, such as repackagers or distributors. It is not shipping and receiving, nor is it traffic or warehousing. It is more.
Logistics must make work effectively. This is required by your customers and, in turn, by your company. For effective logistics, there are five key issues--
Movement of product. This is often the way that logistics is viewed in many companies. Rush ship an order. Expedite in a component. But there is more. Products moves should complement the corporate strategy. If the emphasis is on cost reduction, lower inventories, customer service or whatever, then products must move in a way that is consistent with the emphasis. Product must also flow, not just move, from, to, between and among vendors, manufacturing sites, warehouses and customers. If it does not flow, then there is not a supply pipeline. Instead there are imbalances in inventories with components and finished goods not being where they should be.
The movement may be extremely broad in geographical scope. Raw materials and completed units can move between and among all regions of the world. While other departments in the company may focus on select geographical regions for sourcing, manufacturing or sales, logistics must deal with all of these. Everything must move.
The movement plan must be flexible. Forecasting may be the weak link in all corporate planning and execution. So the movement must be able to adjust and deal with the swings in business activity. This may require a multi-mode, and/or a multi-carrier and/or multi-level service program to keep the global supply chain moving smoothly. For example, it may require a mix of ocean and air modes to keep a smooth pipeline, especially if there are significant swings in volumes and requirements. Or a mix of fast-boat and slow-boat transit time ocean carriers, trading off transit time and freight costs for sea freight service. Or, if the destination is on the East Coast, a mix of MLB service and all-water, similar to the multi-carrier approach but staying, perhaps, with the same steamship line.
Movement of information. It is not enough to move product and materials. You must know where they are. You must know what inventories are where and if critical action is required. You must know what orders are coming in and when they must be delivered. Information--timely and accurate-- is vital for sound decision-making.
The information must flow between the company and its suppliers, carriers, forwarders, warehouses and customers. It must also move internally among purchasing, customer service, logistics, manufacturing, sales, marketing and accounting. And doing this goes beyond Email, faxes and phone calls. Investment in information technology is not an alternative anymore; it is a requirement for logistics and corporate effectiveness.
Systems should exist at the macro or corporate level and view. Since logistics is a process which interacts with many other groups in the company, it is fundamental that a corporate system be in place. It has to be dynamic for handling customer orders, production planning, material requirements planning, distribution requirements planning, finance and sales forecasting. It must be able to receive orders via EDI, transmit Advance Ship Notices, accommodate multiple warehouse and plant locations in both a single site and aggregated views, track inventories at various levels, such as eaches and cases, and more.
There must also be systems at the micro, or logistics level and view. Programs are needed for warehouse management, cross-docking, shipment tracking for example. Each in turn takes technology, with bar-coding and scanning. These satisfy the operations/reactive and the planning/anticipatory needs.
Time/service. The ability to respond to the dynamics of the global marketplace--changing forecasts, customer requirements, new product introductions, new sourcing, and how to manage all these changes--must be done quickly. Raw materials and components must be ordered and arrive completely, accurately and quickly. Orders must be filled completely, accurately and quickly. It is no longer months or weeks for lead times. It may not even be days. Hours may decided customer service, competitiveness and value-added. Back orders are not tolerated. If your company cannot properly respond, your customers will look for those who can.
Service is more than having to expedite a shipment. Time/service is a factor of competition, customer requirements, your company's position in the industry, your corporate culture, how well everyone in the global supply chain works together, and how well everyone works together in your company. Logistics is the link among all this. And the more diverse the geographical scope of vendors, manufacturing, warehouses and customers, the more critical is time. Distance means time. Yet time delays are not acceptable. Movement of product and movement of information show their impact here.
Cost. Cost is the key measure by which logistics effectiveness is often measured. Freight, warehouse labor, public warehouse charges and other items on the P&L. Or inventory, a balance sheet item. Cost control, containment, and management is important for corporate profitability. Fiscal stewardship is a duty of all managers. The highest price does not mean the best service, and it may not be the service you need. Nor does the lowest price necessarily meet your needs.
There is no doubt about how important costs are. But the company must be careful. Minimizing the cost of the various logistics elements, such as freight and warehousing, can suboptimize the effectiveness of the logistics group and of the company in satisfying its customers.
Cost has a relation to service. They go hand in hand. As you define your service against your costs or costs against service, the give and take develops into your operating costs and budgets. Then you have to make sure that the cost can be managed. Otherwise costs can go out of control, or seem to.
However, there is no ready mechanism which really makes proper recognition in costs for time/service or for adjustments in any part of the company plan. There is no item in the P&L or balance sheet for Time/Service, which is the driver of a company's logistics efforts. Logistics cost measurement is a shortcoming in the present accounting systems. There were designed when the Model A was being built and are not adequate in today's competitive business world. They make discreet cost buckets in a weak attempt to measure a dynamic, global logistics process.
In addition there may be other issues such as currency conversion and fluctuations. Air freight is quoted in the currency of the origin country. Ocean terminal and other accessorial origin charges are also in origin country currency. Warehouses in other countries will invoice in origin currencies. Currency conversion and dynamics can create unfavorable or favorable cost variances which have nothing to do with logistics performance.
Integration--within your company, between you and your customers and between you and your vendors. Integration--bringing it all together--within your company is vital. Logistics is a process. Effectiveness requires that each relevant element of the organization do its part. However there is a problem with doing this. The organization chart. The traditional organization with its boxes and defined responsibilities is a collection of functional silos. Each silo segments and collects different parts of the vendor purchase/manufacturing/sales activity and stores it. Hence there is no process. There is a compartmentalization, a fragmenting of the process. This creates an anti-process effect.
In addition to internal integration, you must bring together and work with the external players. Your vendors, including your carriers and warehouses, must understand what you are doing and why. You must share your logistics vision and plan with them. This sharing and understanding will better enable them to cooperate with and assist you. They may be able to offer ideas and gainsharing to further improve the logistics effectiveness and the key issues with it.
Integration with customers is important. You and everyone in your company must be working and satisfy your customers. You should review written customer requirements with everyone in the logistics department and with everyone in the company. It is not enough to a company to tear apart the written requirements and hand them to various departments. That is not integration. That is functional silos.
Meeting with key customers is very good. A face-to-face discussion with him about his requirements and how you will meet them is important. This shows how much you value him and want to work with him. What does he need? How does he need it? Why does he need it? When does he need it? The more you know about your customer and his needs, the more valued of a supplier you are to him. This is a competitive advantage. Partnerships and alliances can be developed or enhanced.
Conclusion. Logistics is a process which runs from the vendor's door through to the customer's. It interacts with almost every group within the company and with many companies outside the company, including its customers. Effective logistics revolves around five key issues--movement of product, movement of information, time/service, cost and integration. Each of this is critical to the success of logistics and to creating value-added to the company and improving competiveness.

1 Oct 2011

Penang cricket Carnival

Penang Cricket Carnival 2011

Penang Cricket carnival 2011: The tale of 2 brother.. Tribute to Along n Danial Hakimi


Danial on batting while his brother Along field the game ..rivalry on the pitch...

Adik began to bowl....against PSC majority of the players are pakistanis


Abah.. i'm heading to the pitch.. wish me luck....

Along bowl against PSC

We won... and i'm tired...

walking with style.....

2nd and 3rd runner up.... Congrat boyss.. with their Sri Lankan coach.... he will be leaving you guys this year..
thanks Sir kushen

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Pages

Followers

Abah & Mimie...

Daisypath Anniversary tickers